The most common cause of a high calcium level is cancer. In about half of the cases of hypercalcemia in dogs the cause is lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphatic system. Lymphoma most often causes lymph nodes to swell, but it may localize in the liver, intestine, spleen, heart, brain, spinal cord, or kidneys.
How do you treat high calcium in dogs?
Pamidronate is the most commonly used parenteral drug; the recommended dosage in dogs is 1–2 mg/kg, IV, mixed in 0.9% saline given throughout 2 hr. In cats, alendronate is the most common oral preparation used to control idiopathic hypercalcemia.
What is the most common cause of high calcium levels?
Hypercalcemia is usually a result of overactive parathyroid glands. These four tiny glands are situated in the neck, near the thyroid gland. Other causes of hypercalcemia include cancer, certain other medical disorders, some medications, and taking too much of calcium and vitamin D supplements.
How do you get calcium levels down in dogs?
Your dog may need intravenous or diuretic therapy if he is dehydrated, or if renal function needs to be supported. Glucocorticoids will also be administered if needed to balance the calcium function and resorption. Medication to decrease serum calcium or inhibit bone resorption could be prescribed.
What cancers cause high calcium levels in dogs?
The most common cause of hypercalcemia in veterinary patients is neoplasia, accounting for hypercalcemia in approximately two-thirds of dogs1,2 and one-third of cats. There are several types of tumors associated with hypercalcemia with the most common cause of HM being lymphoma (10-35% occurrence).
What happens if a dog has too much calcium?
Pets with abnormally high calcium levels may show signs of weakness, listlessness, increased drinking and urination, and loss of appetite. In some pets, prolonged hypercalcemia may contribute to formation of bladder or kidney stones.
What should I feed my dog with hypercalcemia?
Decreasing calcium ingestion and intestinal absorption are the main nutritional goals for pets with hypercalcemia. Commercial diets are not calcium or vitamin D restricted, so these pets typically require a balanced homemade diet with limited calcium and vitamin D supplementation.
What foods to avoid when calcium is high?
Cut back on foods high in calcium. Greatly limit or stop your intake of milk, cheese, cottage cheese, yogurt, pudding, and ice cream. Read food labels. Don’t buy dairy products with added calcium.
What happens if high calcium goes untreated?
If left untreated, hypercalcemia can lead to serious complications. For example, if the bones continue to release calcium into the blood, osteoporosis, a bone-thinning disease, can result. If urine contains too much calcium, crystals may form in the kidneys. Over time, these crystals may combine to form kidney stones.
Can hypercalcemia be cured?
Treatment is aimed at the cause of hypercalcemia whenever possible. People with primary hyperparathyroidism (PHPT) may need surgery to remove the abnormal parathyroid gland. This will cure the hypercalcemia. People with mild hypercalcemia may be able to monitor the condition closely over time without treatment.